148 Extremely Powerful Economies of Scale Questions You Do Not Know

What is involved in Economies of Scale

Find out what the related areas are that Economies of Scale connects with, associates with, correlates with or affects, and which require thought, deliberation, analysis, review and discussion. This unique checklist stands out in a sense that it is not per-se designed to give answers, but to engage the reader and lay out a Economies of Scale thinking-frame.

How far is your company on its Economies of Scale journey?

Take this short survey to gauge your organization’s progress toward Economies of Scale leadership. Learn your strongest and weakest areas, and what you can do now to create a strategy that delivers results.

To address the criteria in this checklist for your organization, extensive selected resources are provided for sources of further research and information.

Start the Checklist

Below you will find a quick checklist designed to help you think about which Economies of Scale related domains to cover and 148 essential critical questions to check off in that domain.

The following domains are covered:

Economies of Scale, National Diet Library, Budget set, Economic profit, Economies of density, Ragnar Frisch, Cost–benefit analysis, Deadweight loss, Natural monopoly, Mathematical optimization, Social choice theory, Square-cube law, Media market, Supply and demand, Perfect competition, Business economics, Information economics, Returns to scale, Behavioral economics, Toyota Production System, Economies of Scale, Statistical decision theory, Integrated Authority File, Indifference curve, Experimental economics, Game theory, Diseconomies of scale, Engineering Economics, Expected utility hypothesis, Economic equilibrium, Free trade, Opportunity cost, Operations research, Marginal cost, Ideal firm size, General equilibrium theory, Industrial organization, Theory of the firm, Cost curve, Computational economics, Variable cost, Reverse auction, Process steam, Production set, Mathematical economics, Labor economics, Convexity in economics, Aggregation problem, Market structure, Welfare economics, Homogeneous function, Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, Bilateral monopoly, Network effect, Economic surplus, Economic shortage, Economies of scope, Intertemporal choice, Social Science Research Network, Risk aversion, Consumer choice:

Economies of Scale Critical Criteria:

Examine Economies of Scale results and define what do we need to start doing with Economies of Scale.

– A compounding model resolution with available relevant data can often provide insight towards a solution methodology; which Economies of Scale models, tools and techniques are necessary?

– How important is Economies of Scale to the user organizations mission?

National Diet Library Critical Criteria:

Interpolate National Diet Library quality and report on developing an effective National Diet Library strategy.

– Marketing budgets are tighter, consumers are more skeptical, and social media has changed forever the way we talk about Economies of Scale. How do we gain traction?

– How do you incorporate cycle time, productivity, cost control, and other efficiency and effectiveness factors into these Economies of Scale processes?

– What potential environmental factors impact the Economies of Scale effort?

Budget set Critical Criteria:

Align Budget set adoptions and ask what if.

– Why is it important to have senior management support for a Economies of Scale project?

– Have the types of risks that may impact Economies of Scale been identified and analyzed?

– What will drive Economies of Scale change?

Economic profit Critical Criteria:

Boost Economic profit results and frame using storytelling to create more compelling Economic profit projects.

– For your Economies of Scale project, identify and describe the business environment. is there more than one layer to the business environment?

– What prevents me from making the changes I know will make me a more effective Economies of Scale leader?

Economies of density Critical Criteria:

Chart Economies of density planning and figure out ways to motivate other Economies of density users.

– What role does communication play in the success or failure of a Economies of Scale project?

– Do the Economies of Scale decisions we make today help people and the planet tomorrow?

Ragnar Frisch Critical Criteria:

Grade Ragnar Frisch planning and find out.

– What are the key elements of your Economies of Scale performance improvement system, including your evaluation, organizational learning, and innovation processes?

– Is there a Economies of Scale Communication plan covering who needs to get what information when?

– Think of your Economies of Scale project. what are the main functions?

Cost–benefit analysis Critical Criteria:

Consult on Cost–benefit analysis governance and budget for Cost–benefit analysis challenges.

– Is Economies of Scale Realistic, or are you setting yourself up for failure?

– Have all basic functions of Economies of Scale been defined?

Deadweight loss Critical Criteria:

Map Deadweight loss leadership and probe using an integrated framework to make sure Deadweight loss is getting what it needs.

– How will we insure seamless interoperability of Economies of Scale moving forward?

– How would one define Economies of Scale leadership?

– Are there Economies of Scale problems defined?

Natural monopoly Critical Criteria:

Read up on Natural monopoly adoptions and spearhead techniques for implementing Natural monopoly.

– Who will be responsible for making the decisions to include or exclude requested changes once Economies of Scale is underway?

– What are the success criteria that will indicate that Economies of Scale objectives have been met and the benefits delivered?

– What is the total cost related to deploying Economies of Scale, including any consulting or professional services?

Mathematical optimization Critical Criteria:

Think about Mathematical optimization strategies and customize techniques for implementing Mathematical optimization controls.

– What are the disruptive Economies of Scale technologies that enable our organization to radically change our business processes?

– Do you monitor the effectiveness of your Economies of Scale activities?

– Why is Economies of Scale important for you now?

Social choice theory Critical Criteria:

Scrutinze Social choice theory tactics and catalog what business benefits will Social choice theory goals deliver if achieved.

– At what point will vulnerability assessments be performed once Economies of Scale is put into production (e.g., ongoing Risk Management after implementation)?

– What new services of functionality will be implemented next with Economies of Scale ?

– What is Effective Economies of Scale?

Square-cube law Critical Criteria:

Rank Square-cube law goals and assess what counts with Square-cube law that we are not counting.

– What sources do you use to gather information for a Economies of Scale study?

– How will you measure your Economies of Scale effectiveness?

Media market Critical Criteria:

Differentiate Media market visions and attract Media market skills.

– Risk factors: what are the characteristics of Economies of Scale that make it risky?

– Can we do Economies of Scale without complex (expensive) analysis?

– What are the business goals Economies of Scale is aiming to achieve?

Supply and demand Critical Criteria:

Bootstrap Supply and demand results and find the ideas you already have.

– How to deal with Economies of Scale Changes?

Perfect competition Critical Criteria:

Interpolate Perfect competition management and triple focus on important concepts of Perfect competition relationship management.

– Are there any easy-to-implement alternatives to Economies of Scale? Sometimes other solutions are available that do not require the cost implications of a full-blown project?

– Does Economies of Scale create potential expectations in other areas that need to be recognized and considered?

Business economics Critical Criteria:

Think carefully about Business economics tactics and drive action.

– Can Management personnel recognize the monetary benefit of Economies of Scale?

– What are the Essentials of Internal Economies of Scale Management?

– How can you measure Economies of Scale in a systematic way?

Information economics Critical Criteria:

X-ray Information economics tasks and secure Information economics creativity.

– Which customers cant participate in our Economies of Scale domain because they lack skills, wealth, or convenient access to existing solutions?

Returns to scale Critical Criteria:

Analyze Returns to scale failures and shift your focus.

– What tools do you use once you have decided on a Economies of Scale strategy and more importantly how do you choose?

– What are all of our Economies of Scale domains and what do they do?

Behavioral economics Critical Criteria:

Air ideas re Behavioral economics governance and look at the big picture.

– What are your results for key measures or indicators of the accomplishment of your Economies of Scale strategy and action plans, including building and strengthening core competencies?

– Are there any disadvantages to implementing Economies of Scale? There might be some that are less obvious?

– Does the Economies of Scale task fit the clients priorities?

Toyota Production System Critical Criteria:

Derive from Toyota Production System tactics and raise human resource and employment practices for Toyota Production System.

– What are the usability implications of Economies of Scale actions?

– What are specific Economies of Scale Rules to follow?

Economies of Scale Critical Criteria:

Inquire about Economies of Scale management and oversee implementation of Economies of Scale.

– Do we cover the five essential competencies-Communication, Collaboration,Innovation, Adaptability, and Leadership that improve an organizations ability to leverage the new Economies of Scale in a volatile global economy?

– Will Economies of Scale have an impact on current business continuity, disaster recovery processes and/or infrastructure?

Statistical decision theory Critical Criteria:

Tête-à-tête about Statistical decision theory tasks and finalize specific methods for Statistical decision theory acceptance.

– How do you determine the key elements that affect Economies of Scale workforce satisfaction? how are these elements determined for different workforce groups and segments?

Integrated Authority File Critical Criteria:

Look at Integrated Authority File tasks and pioneer acquisition of Integrated Authority File systems.

– What other organizational variables, such as reward systems or communication systems, affect the performance of this Economies of Scale process?

– What are your most important goals for the strategic Economies of Scale objectives?

– Is the scope of Economies of Scale defined?

Indifference curve Critical Criteria:

Guide Indifference curve planning and handle a jump-start course to Indifference curve.

– What will be the consequences to the business (financial, reputation etc) if Economies of Scale does not go ahead or fails to deliver the objectives?

– Think about the functions involved in your Economies of Scale project. what processes flow from these functions?

Experimental economics Critical Criteria:

Canvass Experimental economics decisions and ask what if.

– How do we make it meaningful in connecting Economies of Scale with what users do day-to-day?

– Are there Economies of Scale Models?

Game theory Critical Criteria:

Match Game theory management and balance specific methods for improving Game theory results.

– How is the value delivered by Economies of Scale being measured?

Diseconomies of scale Critical Criteria:

Disseminate Diseconomies of scale issues and figure out ways to motivate other Diseconomies of scale users.

– Is the Economies of Scale organization completing tasks effectively and efficiently?

– How do we know that any Economies of Scale analysis is complete and comprehensive?

– Who will be responsible for documenting the Economies of Scale requirements in detail?

Engineering Economics Critical Criteria:

Brainstorm over Engineering Economics management and get out your magnifying glass.

– Think about the people you identified for your Economies of Scale project and the project responsibilities you would assign to them. what kind of training do you think they would need to perform these responsibilities effectively?

– Are there recognized Economies of Scale problems?

Expected utility hypothesis Critical Criteria:

Read up on Expected utility hypothesis engagements and develop and take control of the Expected utility hypothesis initiative.

Economic equilibrium Critical Criteria:

Check Economic equilibrium governance and raise human resource and employment practices for Economic equilibrium.

– What are the short and long-term Economies of Scale goals?

– How do we go about Securing Economies of Scale?

Free trade Critical Criteria:

Administer Free trade failures and plan concise Free trade education.

– What are internal and external Economies of Scale relations?

– What are current Economies of Scale Paradigms?

Opportunity cost Critical Criteria:

Tête-à-tête about Opportunity cost quality and secure Opportunity cost creativity.

– Do those selected for the Economies of Scale team have a good general understanding of what Economies of Scale is all about?

– What is the opportunity cost of providing staff with the potential to learn new technologies or increase their expertise?

– What are the opportunity costs for conducting the program?

– Is Supporting Economies of Scale documentation required?

Operations research Critical Criteria:

Nurse Operations research leadership and finalize the present value of growth of Operations research.

– Consider your own Economies of Scale project. what types of organizational problems do you think might be causing or affecting your problem, based on the work done so far?

– How does the organization define, manage, and improve its Economies of Scale processes?

Marginal cost Critical Criteria:

Revitalize Marginal cost adoptions and correct Marginal cost management by competencies.

Ideal firm size Critical Criteria:

Transcribe Ideal firm size risks and find answers.

General equilibrium theory Critical Criteria:

Administer General equilibrium theory adoptions and budget the knowledge transfer for any interested in General equilibrium theory.

– How do we Improve Economies of Scale service perception, and satisfaction?

– What business benefits will Economies of Scale goals deliver if achieved?

– How do we maintain Economies of Scales Integrity?

Industrial organization Critical Criteria:

Think about Industrial organization tasks and ask what if.

– How do we keep improving Economies of Scale?

Theory of the firm Critical Criteria:

Chat re Theory of the firm governance and point out Theory of the firm tensions in leadership.

– Does Economies of Scale analysis show the relationships among important Economies of Scale factors?

– Is Economies of Scale dependent on the successful delivery of a current project?

– Are accountability and ownership for Economies of Scale clearly defined?

Cost curve Critical Criteria:

Troubleshoot Cost curve quality and correct Cost curve management by competencies.

– How can we improve Economies of Scale?

Computational economics Critical Criteria:

Confer re Computational economics engagements and ask what if.

Variable cost Critical Criteria:

Derive from Variable cost strategies and do something to it.

– Who will be responsible for deciding whether Economies of Scale goes ahead or not after the initial investigations?

– What is the purpose of Economies of Scale in relation to the mission?

Reverse auction Critical Criteria:

Analyze Reverse auction projects and visualize why should people listen to you regarding Reverse auction.

Process steam Critical Criteria:

Apply Process steam issues and perfect Process steam conflict management.

– In the case of a Economies of Scale project, the criteria for the audit derive from implementation objectives. an audit of a Economies of Scale project involves assessing whether the recommendations outlined for implementation have been met. in other words, can we track that any Economies of Scale project is implemented as planned, and is it working?

– How to Secure Economies of Scale?

Production set Critical Criteria:

See the value of Production set quality and remodel and develop an effective Production set strategy.

– What are your current levels and trends in key measures or indicators of Economies of Scale product and process performance that are important to and directly serve your customers? how do these results compare with the performance of your competitors and other organizations with similar offerings?

Mathematical economics Critical Criteria:

Sort Mathematical economics visions and finalize specific methods for Mathematical economics acceptance.

– What management system can we use to leverage the Economies of Scale experience, ideas, and concerns of the people closest to the work to be done?

– Do we monitor the Economies of Scale decisions made and fine tune them as they evolve?

– How do we Lead with Economies of Scale in Mind?

Labor economics Critical Criteria:

Generalize Labor economics issues and interpret which customers can’t participate in Labor economics because they lack skills.

– How likely is the current Economies of Scale plan to come in on schedule or on budget?

Convexity in economics Critical Criteria:

Do a round table on Convexity in economics adoptions and describe which business rules are needed as Convexity in economics interface.

– What vendors make products that address the Economies of Scale needs?

Aggregation problem Critical Criteria:

Demonstrate Aggregation problem goals and mentor Aggregation problem customer orientation.

– What is the source of the strategies for Economies of Scale strengthening and reform?

Market structure Critical Criteria:

Drive Market structure planning and find the essential reading for Market structure researchers.

– What are the implications for market structure?

Welfare economics Critical Criteria:

Substantiate Welfare economics decisions and interpret which customers can’t participate in Welfare economics because they lack skills.

– How do we ensure that implementations of Economies of Scale products are done in a way that ensures safety?

Homogeneous function Critical Criteria:

Participate in Homogeneous function planning and secure Homogeneous function creativity.

– Why should we adopt a Economies of Scale framework?

Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 Critical Criteria:

Cut a stake in Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 visions and create a map for yourself.

– How do your measurements capture actionable Economies of Scale information for use in exceeding your customers expectations and securing your customers engagement?

– Are assumptions made in Economies of Scale stated explicitly?

Bilateral monopoly Critical Criteria:

Consult on Bilateral monopoly outcomes and track iterative Bilateral monopoly results.

– Do we aggressively reward and promote the people who have the biggest impact on creating excellent Economies of Scale services/products?

– Does Economies of Scale analysis isolate the fundamental causes of problems?

– What are the long-term Economies of Scale goals?

Network effect Critical Criteria:

Analyze Network effect risks and slay a dragon.

– Who will provide the final approval of Economies of Scale deliverables?

– Does Economies of Scale appropriately measure and monitor risk?

Economic surplus Critical Criteria:

Shape Economic surplus risks and be persistent.

– What may be the consequences for the performance of an organization if all stakeholders are not consulted regarding Economies of Scale?

Economic shortage Critical Criteria:

Investigate Economic shortage failures and forecast involvement of future Economic shortage projects in development.

– Does Economies of Scale systematically track and analyze outcomes for accountability and quality improvement?

Economies of scope Critical Criteria:

Gauge Economies of scope strategies and triple focus on important concepts of Economies of scope relationship management.

– How do mission and objectives affect the Economies of Scale processes of our organization?

Intertemporal choice Critical Criteria:

Face Intertemporal choice strategies and create Intertemporal choice explanations for all managers.

– How will you know that the Economies of Scale project has been successful?

– What are the barriers to increased Economies of Scale production?

Social Science Research Network Critical Criteria:

Infer Social Science Research Network issues and correct Social Science Research Network management by competencies.

– Which Economies of Scale goals are the most important?

– What about Economies of Scale Analysis of results?

Risk aversion Critical Criteria:

Analyze Risk aversion management and ask questions.

– What is our formula for success in Economies of Scale ?

– How can the value of Economies of Scale be defined?

Consumer choice Critical Criteria:

Deduce Consumer choice adoptions and question.


This quick readiness checklist is a selected resource to help you move forward. Learn more about how to achieve comprehensive insights with the Economies of Scale Self Assessment:


Author: Gerard Blokdijk

CEO at The Art of Service | http://theartofservice.com



Gerard is the CEO at The Art of Service. He has been providing information technology insights, talks, tools and products to organizations in a wide range of industries for over 25 years. Gerard is a widely recognized and respected information expert. Gerard founded The Art of Service consulting business in 2000. Gerard has authored numerous published books to date.

External links:

To address the criteria in this checklist, these selected resources are provided for sources of further research and information:

Economies of Scale External links:

Economies of Scale- Micro 3.2 – YouTube

[PDF]Community Bank Efficiency and Economies of Scale

Economies of Scale: Definition, Types – The Balance

National Diet Library External links:

The National Diet Library, Tokyo, Japan, 1949

Online Gallery | National Diet Library

National Diet Library | library, Tokyo, Japan | Britannica.com

Budget set External links:

2018 Budget Set-up Part I – YouTube

2018 Budget Set-Up Part II – YouTube

Economic profit External links:

Economic Profit (Or Loss) Definition – Investopedia

Economic Profit (Or Loss) – Investopedia

What is Economic Profit? definition and meaning

Economies of density External links:

[PDF]The Diffusion of Wal-Mart and Economies of Density

What Are Economies Of Density? – YouTube

Ragnar Frisch External links:

Ragnar Frisch – investopedia.com

Ragnar Frisch Jr. | Facebook

Ragnar Frisch | Norwegian economist | Britannica.com

Deadweight loss External links:

The deadweight loss from a tax system – ScienceDirect

Natural monopoly External links:

Y2/IB 19) Natural Monopoly – YouTube

What is example of natural monopoly? – Quora

Definition of Natural Monopoly – investopedia.com

Mathematical optimization External links:

Title: Mathematical optimization for packing problems – arXiv

Mathematical optimization — NYU Scholars

[PDF]Introduction to Mathematical Optimization

Social choice theory External links:

Social Choice Theory – investopedia.com


Social Choice Theory (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

Square-cube law External links:

Small is Mighty: the Square-Cube Law – YouTube

Square-Cube Law and Human Height – Tall.Life

Galileo’s Square-Cube Law – DinosaurTheory

Media market External links:

Social Media Market

National Media MarketNational Media Market

Supply and demand External links:

Supply and Demand Curves – Mind Tools – Online

[PDF]World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates – USDA

Nursing: Supply and Demand through 2020 – CEW Georgetown

Perfect competition External links:

Perfect competition – Economics Online

Perfect competition | Economics Help

Perfect Competition – investopedia.com

Business economics External links:

Business Economics and Public Policy Department

Information economics External links:

Information Economics and Policy – Journal – Elsevier


Information economics (Book, 1988) [WorldCat.org]

Returns to scale External links:

[PDF]Decreasing returns to scale and the law of diminishing …

[PDF]Capital Utilization and Returns to Scale

Returns to scale, economics, Microeconomics – Experts Mind

Behavioral economics External links:

Leadership with the power of Behavioral Economics – Team …

Behavioral Sciences Jobs – Behavioral Economics Jobs

Behavioral Economics Consulting & Incentives — VAL Health

Toyota Production System External links:

The Toyota Production System: What Does It Mean, And …


Toyota Production System (TPS) Terminology

Economies of Scale External links:

Economies of scale and scope | The Economist

Economies Of Scale – investopedia.com

Economies of Scale: Definition, Types – The Balance

Statistical decision theory External links:

[PDF]Lecture 2: Statistical Decision Theory (Part I)

Statistical Decision Theory – Pearson

Integrated Authority File External links:

MEDLARS indexing integrated authority file : chemical section

MEDLARS indexing: integrated authority file

Integrated authority file: IAF – Digital Collections

Indifference curve External links:

Indifference Curve – Merriam-Webster
https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/indifference curve

Indifference Curve Flashcards | Quizlet

Indifference curve | economics | Britannica.com

Experimental economics External links:

Experimental economics (eBook, 1994) [WorldCat.org]

“Experimental Economics” by Elizabeth Hoffman

Experimental Economics – Springer

Game theory External links:

Game Theory (TV Series 2011– ) – IMDb

“Joan of Arcadia” Game Theory (TV Episode 2005) – IMDb

Game theory (Book, 1991) [WorldCat.org]

Diseconomies of scale External links:

Diseconomies of Scale | tutor2u Economics

Diseconomies Of Scale – investopedia.com

Diseconomies Of Scale – Investopedia

Engineering Economics External links:

Engineering economics (eBook, 1917) [WorldCat.org]


[PDF]Engineering Economics 4-1 – Valparaiso University
https://www.valpo.edu/student/asme/FE Slides/EngEconSlides.pdf

Expected utility hypothesis External links:

Expected Utility Hypothesis – YouTube

Economic equilibrium External links:

Theory of General Economic Equilibrium – ScienceDirect

Economic Equilibrium – Sharper Insight. Smarter Investing.

Calculating Economic Equilibrium – ThoughtCo

Free trade External links:

Negative Effects of Free Trade | Chron.com

Free Trade Agreement Pros and Cons – The Balance

Opportunity cost External links:

Opportunity Cost – Investopedia

Opportunity Cost – EconEdLink

Opportunity Cost Flashcards | Quizlet

Operations research External links:

Operations research (Book, 1974) [WorldCat.org]

Operations research | Britannica.com

Operations Research (O.R.), or operational research in the U.K, is a discipline that deals with the application of advanced analytical methods to help make better decisions.
http://Reference: informs.org/about-informs/what-is-operations-research

Marginal cost External links:

Marginal Cost Of Production – Investopedia

Incremental Cost Vs. Marginal Cost | Chron.com

Ideal firm size External links:

What is the ideal firm size for your business? | Vulkan Forge

Ideal firm size definition by Babylon’s free dictionary
http://dictionary.babylon-software.com/ideal firm size

General equilibrium theory External links:

General Equilibrium Theory – investopedia.com

[PDF]General equilibrium theory – New York University
https://www.econ.nyu.edu/user/bisina/Lecture notes Oct2014.pdf

Industrial organization External links:

Forms of Industrial Organization – U-S-History.com

[PDF]International Journal of Industrial Organization

Hague v. Committee for Industrial Organization | Oyez

Theory of the firm External links:

What is THEORY OF THE FIRM – Black’s Law Dictionary

Theory of the firm (Book, 1975) [WorldCat.org]

Cost curve External links:

Cost Curve | Average Cost | Long Run And Short Run

Cost Curve | Average Cost | Marginal Cost

Computational economics External links:

Handbook of Computational Economics – ScienceDirect.com

Computational Economics – Springer

Variable cost External links:

Variable Cost & Fixed Cost – Economics

variable cost – Everything2.com

Variable Cost | Investopedia

Reverse auction External links:

Energy Market Exchange: Reverse Auction E-Procurement …

Reverse Auction – Greenpoint Seeds

Jeetle Reverse Auction – Google+

Mathematical economics External links:

What is mathematical economics – Answers.com

Mathematical Economics – Economics – Trinity College Dublin

Mathematical Economics – AbeBooks

Labor economics External links:

Handbook of Labor Economics – ScienceDirect.com

Labor Economics Ch. 2 Flashcards | Quizlet

Class Roster – Spring 2018 – Subject – Labor Economics

Convexity in economics External links:

Convexity in economics – broom02.revolvy.com
https://broom02.revolvy.com/topic/Convexity in economics

Convexity in economics – WOW.com

Convexity vs. Strict Convexity in economics – YouTube

Aggregation problem External links:

Percentage Meeting a Target (aggregation problem) …

Market structure External links:

[PDF]The Market Structure of the Health Insurance Industry

Monopoly Market Structure | Intelligent Economist

Market Structure Flashcards | Quizlet

Welfare economics External links:

Welfare Economics – Investopedia

Welfare Economics Flashcards | Quizlet

Welfare Economics – Investopedia

Homogeneous function External links:

Homogeneous function – Encyclopedia of Mathematics

Determine if a Function is a Homogeneous Function – YouTube

Homogeneous Function | Article about Homogeneous …

Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 External links:

[PDF]5 The Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844

Bilateral monopoly External links:

Bilateral Monopoly – Investopedia

Network effect External links:

The Network Effect – Morningstar, Inc.

The Network Effect – Beyond Supply Chains

Network Effect – investopedia.com

Economic surplus External links:

Economic surplus – Market

Chapter 4: Economic Surplus Flashcards | Quizlet


Economic shortage External links:

How is a graph used to show an economic shortage? – Quora

Economies of scope External links:

Economies of Scope Definition | Investopedia

Economies of Scope – Encyclopedia – Business Terms – Inc.com

Intertemporal choice External links:

Intertemporal Choice – investopedia.com


[PDF]Reassessing intertemporal choice: human decision …

Social Science Research Network External links:

Social Science Research Network – law360.com

Risk aversion External links:

[PDF]Risk and Risk Aversion

Risk aversion in experiments (eBook, 2008) [WorldCat.org]

Financial Institution Complete Risk Aversion Solutions

Consumer choice External links:

Heading title – Consumer Choice Center

[USC10] 42 USC 18032: Consumer choice